The City of Cape Girardeau, colloquially referred to as "Cape," is a city in Cape Girardeau and Scott counties in Missouri. It is located approximately 115 miles SSE of St. Louis and 175 miles north of Memphis. As of the 2010 census, the city's population was 37,941, making it the 16th-largest city in Missouri, and the largest city in Southeast Missouri. An emerging college town, Cape is the home of Southeast Missouri State University.
The city is named after Jean Baptiste de Girardot, who established a trading post in the area around 1733. Baptiste de Girardot was a French soldier stationed in the French colony of La Louisiane. The "cape" in the city's name refers to a large rock overlooking the Mississippi River; "Cape Rock" was later destroyed by railroad construction, but the area remains a memorial park.
According to the Cape Girardeau Chamber of Commerce, there are more than 100 employers in Cape Girardeau that employ at least 100 workers. Two large hospitals - Southeast HEALTH and St. Francis Medical Center - are the area's top employers. Proctor & Gamble, Southeast Missouri State University, Cape Girardeau Public Schools, Drury Hotels, Jackson R-2 School District, Robinson Construction, Isle of Capri Casino, and Mondi round out the top ten employers in the Cape Girardeau-Jackson, Missouri area.
Cape Girardeau utilizes a Council-Manager form of government, with an elected City Council consisting of six members. The Cape Girardeau Police Department consists of 75 sworn police officers in patrol, detective, and special operations divisions, among others. The Cape Girardeau Fire Department consists of a dedicated team of 66 people at four fire stations located throughout the city.
The water, sewer, trash and recycling systems are municipally-owned and run by the Public Works Department. Electricity and gas in the city are supplied by Ameren Missouri. Cape Girardeau has 23 city parks and a 4.42 mile walking/biking trail, in addition to many other recreational activities and amenities.